The Meeting Etiquette in the Middle East:
Continuity and Change


The purpose of the conference is to create a conversation about the development of “etiquette” in the Middle East.
The conference has the aim to identify elements of continuity and change in the meeting etiquette in the Middle East, from the most remote phases until today. Meeting etiquette refers to codes of behaviour and protocol rules an individual (or groups of individuals) ought to follow while attending a meeting with a peer or an authority, either human or divine. 


May 9-10 2024
Università degli Studi di Messina, Dipartimento di Civiltà Antiche e Moderne (Aula Magna)


To participate online in this conference please follow the Teams link:


Day 1 (Thursday, 09/05/2024)


9:15 Opening

10:00 Nicola Laneri, Chiara Pappalardo, Sergio G. Russo, Rachele C. Mammana, Alice Mendola and Aurora Borgesi (Università degli Studi di Catania)

In the Sight of Mesopotamian Gods

10:30 Andrea Rebecca Marocchi Savoi (Università degli Studi di Messina)

Rings of Power: A Study of Silver Rings and Social Norms During Ur III

11:00 Coffee Break

11:30 Annunziata Rositani (Università degli Studi di Messina)

Time in Women’s Rituals and Etiquette

12:00 Lorenzo Verderame (Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”)

“To the King my Lord”: Etiquette in the Neo-Assyrian Letters

12:30 Lunch Break

15:00 Davide Nadali (Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”)

Meeting the King. Ceremonies at the Assyrian Court

15:30 Ludovico Portuese (Università degli Studi di Messina)

The Joy and Fear of Meeting an Authority: the “Assyrian” Bearing

16:00 Pierfrancesco Callieri (Università di Bologna)

At the Presence of the King of Kings. Persian Gestures from the Achaemenids to the Sasanids


Day 2 (Friday, 10/05/2024)


9:30 Carlo Donà (Università degli Studi di Messina)

The Gesture of Peace

10:00 Rolf Strootman (Universiteit Utrecht)

Kings Before the Gate: Ceremonies of Welcome in the Cities of the Hellenistic and Roman Middle East

10:30 Nadia Maria El Cheikh (American University of Beirut)

Etiquette at the Abbasid Court

11:00 Coffee Break

11:30 Sinem Arcak Casale (University of Minnesota)

Court Etiquette in Banquets at the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal Courts 

12:00 Fatma Tunç Yaşar (Yıldız Technical University)

The Meeting Etiquette in Late Ottoman Empire: Predicaments of Alla Turca and Alla Franca

12:30 Morgan Clarke (University of Oxford)

Shaking and Not Shaking Hands: Greeting Etiquette in Contemporary Islamic Discourse and in Muslim Practice

13:00 Conclusion